Pets are exposed to a lot of infections which are preventable with immunization. Your veterinarian will advise you on the right shots to give depending on the breed and age of your pet.
a.   DOGS: Dogs are immunized with a polyvalent vaccine called DHLPP1. This vaccine is used against five deadly diseases of dogs, viz:
Parvovirus enteritis and
Para-influenza (kennel cough).
These diseases may be characterized by fever, loss of appetite, diarrhea, which may be fetid or bloody, vomiting (emesis), nasal or ocular discharges, jaundice and weakness. A recommended vaccination schedule should start at or about 6 weeks of age. (Varies with manufacturer). Puppies should be revaccinated every 2 to 3 weeks until they are at least 16weeks of age. Dogs over 12 weeks of age should initially receive one dose of DHLPP1 and a second dose 2 to 3 weeks later. (Again, varies with vaccine manufacturers)
The level of immunity provided by vaccination is in itself not life long. Revaccination (yearly or every 3 years depending on the vaccine manufacturer’s directive) is the only reliable method to ensure optimal protection for your pet.
Do not neglect the older pets! They also need booster doses of these vaccines.
b.   CATS: Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis (cat flu),feline panleukopenia (feline infectious enteritis, feline distemper), feline calicivirus (snuffles) and chlamydiosis are some of the diseases suffered by cats which could be prevented through vaccination. Cats are usually vaccinated against theses diseases by the time they are 15weeks of age.
c.   RABIES: Rabies is a rhabdovirus that affects dogs/cats (carnivores), insectivorous bats and all mammals, including man. It is almost invariably fatal once clinical signs appear.
Clinical signs of rabies:
The most reliable signs are behavioral changes and muscle paralysis (the animal will be unable to swallow and thus salivates a lot). This will be followed by coma and eventual death (within 10 days).  The behavioral Changes may be in the form of uncharacterized aggressiveness--- a normally docile dog may suddenly become vicious and vice versa. On the slightest provocation, the animal may viciously and aggressively use its teeth and claws. Dogs and cats with this form of rabies roam extensively, attacking other animals, including people, and any moving object. They commonly swallow foreign objects e.g. feces,   sticks, metal scraps etc. Rabid dogs chew the wire and frame of their cages and will follow a hand    moved in front of the cage, attempting to bite. Young pups usually get closer to humans in an attempt to play but after a few hours of petting usually turns vicious.   Rabid domestic cats attack suddenly, biting and scratching viciously.

  • Rabies should be suspected in terrestrial wildlife acting abnormally e.g. bats seen flying in the day time, resting on the ground, attacking people and animal etc.
  • Any healthy dog or cat, whether vaccinated against rabies or not, that exposes (bites or deposits saliva in a fresh wound or a mucous membrane) a person should be confined for 10 days. If the animal develops any sign of rabies during that period, it should be humanely destroyed.
  • When bitten by a dog (rabid or non- rabid) we advise you thoroughly rinse out the wound with lots of water and soap and apply lots of methylated spirit. If possible express out some blood from the site. Ask for the vaccination record of the dog. If it is established that the dog has rabies, we advise that you see a physician who will administer a post exposure vaccine and an anti-tetanus toxoid.
  • Rabies is a very dangerous disease and must be treated as such. DON’T TAKE A CHANCE –


  • initial vaccination against rabies starts at 3 months (4 months for pup/kitten with maternal immunity).
  • please after your pet is vaccinated by a qualified veterinarian, request for the vaccination certificate duly signed.
  • remember to visit the vet for yearly booster doses.