Glossary of Terms

PET GLOSSARY:    A – D, F - P,  R - Z   Bottom
Abacterial
Any place free of bacteria.
Abdominal hernia
Also called ventral hernia. A loop of bowel that bulges through the muscles of the abdomen. This can happen at an old surgical wound
 
Abdominal pregnancy
A pregnancy in which the fetus develops outside of the uterus. This can occur because of a defect in the fallopian tube or uterus. This is rare. Diagnosis is made by ultrasound or x-ray films. Then placenta and fetus must bee removed
 
Abscess
An accumulation of pus in a pet’s body.
  
Ambulatory
Moving from place to place. Ambulatory medical care vets make house calls.
 
Anaphylaxis
An immediate, acute, systemic reaction resulting from an IgE-mediated antigen-antibody response that can range from mild to life threatening. The most common causes are insect stings, drugs, blood products, and parenteral enzymes.
 
Anemia
An inadequate number of circulating red blood cells and an insufficient amount of hemoglobin to deliver oxygen to tissues, resulting in pallor, fatigue, shortness of breath, and predisposition to cardiac
complications
 
Babesiosis
An illness caused by the parasite Babesia which is transmitted from animals to animals or animals to humans by ticks. The signs and symptoms include fever, chills, myalgias (muscle aches), fatigue, hepatosplenomegaly (enlargement of the liver and spleen) and hemolytic anemia (anemia due to break-up of red cells). Symptoms typically occur after an incubation period of 1 to 4 weeks and can last several weeks. The disease is more severe in patients who are immunosuppressed, splenectomized (lack their spleen), or elderly. It can cause death. Treatment involves antibiotics, usually clindamycin and quinine
 
Bitch
An unneutered female used for breeding.
 
Cross breeding
Mating animals from unrelated parents.
 
Demodicosis:
An inflammatory skin disease caused by mite infestation. It is also called MANGE.
 
Genetic traits
Also called ancestral line or lineage. They are the traits inherited by puppies and kittens from their parents. Breeding is better left for professionals to avoid the incidence of genetic deficiencies like hip dysplasia and eye diseases.
 
Dysplasia
An abnormal development of a body part. In Golden Retrievers, Hip dysplasia is very common.
 
PET GLOSSARY:    F - P 
 
Fleas
Any of various small, wingless, bloodsucking insects of the order Siphonaptera that have legs adapted for jumping and are parasitic on warm-blooded animals.
 
Fumigation
The act of fumigating, or applying smoke or vapor, as for disinfection.
 
Inbreeding
Mating of closely related animals, example brother and sister or mother and son.
 
Infestation
To inhabit or overrun in numbers or quantities large enough to be harmful, threatening, or obnoxious
 
Kennel
-               shelter for a dog.
-               A pack of dogs, especially hounds.
-               An establishment where dogs are bred, trained, or boarded.
-               The lair of a wild animal, such as a fox.
 
Lyme disease
Also called Lyme arthritis, an acute inflammatory disease, involving one or more joints, transmitted by a tick borne disease organism. Knees, other large joints, and jaw joints (temperomandibular) are most commonly involved, with local inflammation and swelling. Chills, fever and skin eruption often precede the joint manifestation. There is no important permanent joint damage. Treatment includes pain killers for joint symptoms and corticosteroid hormones to reduce heart and nervous system symptoms.
 
Litter
One or more puppies or kittens produced by a single pregnancy.
 
Negative Reinforcement
A form of dog training that teaches a dog to behave correctly in order to avoid physical punishments like cooking, pinching or leash jerking.
 
Neuter
The castration of a male dog or cat to prevent reproduction
 
Pedigree
A record showing the ancestral line of a pet.
 
Pestcontrol
Pest control refers to the regulation or management of another species defined as a pest, usually because it is believed to be detrimental to a person's health, the ecology or the economy.
 
Purebred
A dog or a cat whose ancestors are all the same breed, or whose ancestry includes crossbreeding that is allowed in the breed standard.

PET GLOSSARY:    R - Z
Rheumatoid arthritis
A chronic degenerative disease process occurring primarily in the hips and knees and characterized by deterioration of the joint cartilage. It causes stiffness and lameness and is believed to be caused by aging and genetics.
 
Rabies
 
Rabies is an acute viral disease of the central nervous system that affects humans and other mammals. It is almost exclusively transmitted through saliva from the bite of an infected animal. Another name for the disease is hydrophobia, which literally means "fear of water," a symptom shared by half of all people infected with rabies. Other symptoms include fever, depression, confusion, painful muscle spasms, sensitivity to touch, loud noise, and light, extreme thirst, painful swallowing, excessive salivation, and loss of muscle tone. If rabies is not prevented by immunization, it is essentially always fatal
 
Show
An exhibition of dogs or cats during which they are evaluated by licensed judges and awarded prizes for their conformance to breed standards.
 
Sire
He male parent of a dog or cat
 
Spay
Also called ovario-hysterectomy. During this surgical exercise, a female pet’s reproductive organ including the ovaries, uterus and fallopian tubes are removed.
 
 
Spray
Behavior of urinating everywhere to establish territory, commonly seen in unneutered male dogs and cats.
 
Tenectomy
Also called tendonectomy. It is the surgical removal of part of the tendon to each toe, and prevents pets from digging their claws into things.
 
Ticks
A small wingless bloodsucking insect that, along with the mite, belongs to the order Acarina. Ticks may be found in tall grass, where they may attach to a passing animal or person. Pulling a tick forcefully out from under the skin may leave the head behind. Ticks can transmit diseases such as Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, tularemia, equine encephalitis, ehrlichiosis, babesiosis, and (in animals only) anaplasmosis.
 
Vaccination
Injecting harmless organisms like bacteria or viruses (such as parvo-virus) into your pet’s body in order to induce the development of immunity.
 
Zoonosis
Diseases that can be transmitted from animals to people.
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