Glossary of Terms

PET GLOSSARY:    A – D, F - P,  R - Z   Bottom
Any place free of bacteria.
Abdominal hernia
Also called ventral hernia. A loop of bowel that bulges through the muscles of the abdomen. This can happen at an old surgical wound
Abdominal pregnancy
A pregnancy in which the fetus develops outside of the uterus. This can occur because of a defect in the fallopian tube or uterus. This is rare. Diagnosis is made by ultrasound or x-ray films. Then placenta and fetus must bee removed
An accumulation of pus in a pet’s body.
Moving from place to place. Ambulatory medical care vets make house calls.
An immediate, acute, systemic reaction resulting from an IgE-mediated antigen-antibody response that can range from mild to life threatening. The most common causes are insect stings, drugs, blood products, and parenteral enzymes.
An inadequate number of circulating red blood cells and an insufficient amount of hemoglobin to deliver oxygen to tissues, resulting in pallor, fatigue, shortness of breath, and predisposition to cardiac
An illness caused by the parasite Babesia which is transmitted from animals to animals or animals to humans by ticks. The signs and symptoms include fever, chills, myalgias (muscle aches), fatigue, hepatosplenomegaly (enlargement of the liver and spleen) and hemolytic anemia (anemia due to break-up of red cells). Symptoms typically occur after an incubation period of 1 to 4 weeks and can last several weeks. The disease is more severe in patients who are immunosuppressed, splenectomized (lack their spleen), or elderly. It can cause death. Treatment involves antibiotics, usually clindamycin and quinine
An unneutered female used for breeding.
Cross breeding
Mating animals from unrelated parents.
An inflammatory skin disease caused by mite infestation. It is also called MANGE.
Genetic traits
Also called ancestral line or lineage. They are the traits inherited by puppies and kittens from their parents. Breeding is better left for professionals to avoid the incidence of genetic deficiencies like hip dysplasia and eye diseases.
An abnormal development of a body part. In Golden Retrievers, Hip dysplasia is very common.
Any of various small, wingless, bloodsucking insects of the order Siphonaptera that have legs adapted for jumping and are parasitic on warm-blooded animals.
The act of fumigating, or applying smoke or vapor, as for disinfection.
Mating of closely related animals, example brother and sister or mother and son.
To inhabit or overrun in numbers or quantities large enough to be harmful, threatening, or obnoxious
-               shelter for a dog.
-               A pack of dogs, especially hounds.
-               An establishment where dogs are bred, trained, or boarded.
-               The lair of a wild animal, such as a fox.
Lyme disease
Also called Lyme arthritis, an acute inflammatory disease, involving one or more joints, transmitted by a tick borne disease organism. Knees, other large joints, and jaw joints (temperomandibular) are most commonly involved, with local inflammation and swelling. Chills, fever and skin eruption often precede the joint manifestation. There is no important permanent joint damage. Treatment includes pain killers for joint symptoms and corticosteroid hormones to reduce heart and nervous system symptoms.
One or more puppies or kittens produced by a single pregnancy.
Negative Reinforcement
A form of dog training that teaches a dog to behave correctly in order to avoid physical punishments like cooking, pinching or leash jerking.
The castration of a male dog or cat to prevent reproduction
A record showing the ancestral line of a pet.
Pest control refers to the regulation or management of another species defined as a pest, usually because it is believed to be detrimental to a person's health, the ecology or the economy.
A dog or a cat whose ancestors are all the same breed, or whose ancestry includes crossbreeding that is allowed in the breed standard.

Rheumatoid arthritis
A chronic degenerative disease process occurring primarily in the hips and knees and characterized by deterioration of the joint cartilage. It causes stiffness and lameness and is believed to be caused by aging and genetics.
Rabies is an acute viral disease of the central nervous system that affects humans and other mammals. It is almost exclusively transmitted through saliva from the bite of an infected animal. Another name for the disease is hydrophobia, which literally means "fear of water," a symptom shared by half of all people infected with rabies. Other symptoms include fever, depression, confusion, painful muscle spasms, sensitivity to touch, loud noise, and light, extreme thirst, painful swallowing, excessive salivation, and loss of muscle tone. If rabies is not prevented by immunization, it is essentially always fatal
An exhibition of dogs or cats during which they are evaluated by licensed judges and awarded prizes for their conformance to breed standards.
He male parent of a dog or cat
Also called ovario-hysterectomy. During this surgical exercise, a female pet’s reproductive organ including the ovaries, uterus and fallopian tubes are removed.
Behavior of urinating everywhere to establish territory, commonly seen in unneutered male dogs and cats.
Also called tendonectomy. It is the surgical removal of part of the tendon to each toe, and prevents pets from digging their claws into things.
A small wingless bloodsucking insect that, along with the mite, belongs to the order Acarina. Ticks may be found in tall grass, where they may attach to a passing animal or person. Pulling a tick forcefully out from under the skin may leave the head behind. Ticks can transmit diseases such as Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, tularemia, equine encephalitis, ehrlichiosis, babesiosis, and (in animals only) anaplasmosis.
Injecting harmless organisms like bacteria or viruses (such as parvo-virus) into your pet’s body in order to induce the development of immunity.
Diseases that can be transmitted from animals to people.